CONVAIR T-29 & C-131 SAMARITAN

T-29 & C-131 SERVICE

Manufacturer: Convair Aircraft Corp., San Diego, California, USA
(In 1954, became Convair Division of General Dynamics Corp.)
Models: CV-240, CV-340, CV-440
Designations: C-131; T-29; AT-29, R4Y, T-32
Names: Samaritan (C-131), Flying Classroom (T-29, unofficial)
First official flight: (XT-29) 22/09/1949
Factory production period: 1949 - 1957
Primary service period: 1950 - 1970's
Last official flight: (C-131H) 1990

T-29 & C-131 VARIANTS

Based on the Convair civil airliner, 1077 built from 1946 - 1958.
565 built as Convair 240 / 340 / 440 civil version from 1946 - 1958:
Model CV-110  c/n: 1                          1 built     ff: 08/07/1946.
Model CV-240  c/n: mixed 1 to 178      176 built  ff: 16/03/1947.
Model CV-340  c/n: mixed 1 to 239      212 built  ff: 05/10/1951.
Model CV-440  c/n: mixed 312 to 510  176 built  ff: 06/10/1955.
512 built as T-29 / C-131 military version from 1949 - 1957.

1949 Model CV-240-17 XT-29 2  
1950 Model CV-240-17 T-29A 46  
1952 Model CV-240-27 T-29B 105  
1953 Model CV-240-27 T-29C 119  
1953 Model CV-240-52 T-29D 92  
1954 Model CV-240-53 MC-131A 26 Total: 390
         
1954 Model CV-340-70 C-131B 36  
1954 Model CV-340-67/-68/-79/440-79 C-131D 33  
1956 Model CV-440-72 C-131E 15 Total: 084
         
1955 Model CV-340-71 R4Y-1 36  
1957 Model CV-440-71 R4Y-2 2 Total: 038

Grand Total: 512

T-29 & C-131 PRODUCTION

XT-29
Prototype twin engined crew trainer. Original
designation XAT-29. To T-29A standard.
Produced 1949 - 1950

Convair San Diego, California (CO)

49-1910, 49-1911 169, 179

Total: 002

T-29A 
As XT-29, navigator trainer, 4 astrodomes,
unpressurized.
Produced 1949 - 1951

Convair San Diego, California (CO)

49-1912, 49-1913 180, 152  
49-1914 / 49-1945 181 / 212  
50-183 / 50-194 213 / 224

Total: 046

(Model 240-18) YT-32 - Projected bomber training version of T-29A, cancelled.

T-29B
As T-29A, navigator / radio trainer, 3
astrodomes, engine upgrade, pressurized.
Produced 1951 - 1953

Convair San Diego, California (CO)

51-3797 / 51-3816 225 / 244  
51-5114 / 51-5172 245 / 303  
51-7892 / 51-7917 304 / 329

Total: 105

T-29C
As T-29B, engine upgrade.
Produced 1953 - 1955

Convair San Diego, California (CO)

52-1091 / 52-1175 330 / 414  
53-3461 / 53-3494 415 / 448

Total: 119

T-29D
As T-29C, bombardier training,
no astrodomes.
Produced 1953 - 1955

Convair San Diego, California (CO)

52-1176 / 52-1185 52-1 / 52-10  
52-5812 / 52-5836 52-11 / 52-35  
52-9976 / 52-9980 52-36 / 52-40  
53-3495 / 53-3546 52-41 / 52-92

Total: 092

(Model 340-50) XT-29E - Proposed turbo-prop version, cancelled.

MC-131A
As CV-240, military passenger / medical
transport, 37 seats.
Redesignated as C-131A(M) in 1962.
Produced 1953 - 1954

Convair San Diego, California (CO)

52-5781 / 52-5806 53-1 / 53-26

Total: 026

5 additional airframes cancelled.

C-131B
As CV-340, military passenger transport,
48 seats.
Produced 1954 - 1955

Convair San Diego, California (CO)

53-7788 / 53-7823 240 / 275

Total: 036

(Model 340-60) C-131C - Proposed SAC support aircraft, 61 on order cancelled.

C-131D
As CV-340 / CV-440, military passenger
transport, 44 seats, engine upgrade. 4 as
new built, 29 as factory conversions from
civil airliners.
Produced 1954 - 1956

Convair San Diego, California (CO)

54-2805 / 54-2825 mixed 183 to 238  
55-290 / 55-301
- 6 completed as civil CV-340-79, c/n: 218, 219, 222,
227, 230, 239. These were replaced by 6 CV-440-79
civil airframes with c/n: 315, 316, 321, 322, 326, 329
- s/n: 55-292, 55-293, 55-294, 55-297, 55-299, 53-301.
mixed 206 to 329

Total: 033

C-131E
As CV-440, ECM trainer. Also designated
as the TC-131E. Proposed designations
were RC-131F, RC-131G.
Produced 1956 - 1957

Convair San Diego, California (CO)

55-4750 / 55-4759 337 / 346  
57-2548 / 57-2551 477 / 480  
57-2552 476

Total: 015

R4Y-1
USN version of C-131D. 10 T-29B
and 3 T-29C also converted.
Redesignated as C-131F in 1962.
Produced 1955 - 1956

Convair San Diego, California (Y)

BuNo.140993 / 141028 276 / 311

Total: 036

R4Y-2
USN staff transport version.
Redesignated as C-131G in 1962.
Produced 1957

Convair San Diego, California (Y)

BuNo.145962, 145963 481, 482

Total: 002

R4Y-2Q - Projected radar CM version, 5 cancelled.
R4Y-2S - Projected ASW trainer version, 14 cancelled.
R4Y-2T - Projected trainer version, 13 cancelled, 5 under
                 construction completed as the last 5 civil CV-440's.

Grand Total: 512

T-29 & C-131 CONVERSIONS

USAF

CT-29A 4 T-29A, 1959, cargo conversions.
ET-29A 1 T-29A, conversion as electronic test-bed.
GT-29A 1 T-29A, conversion to ground instructional airframe.
JT-29A 3 T-29A, temporary conversions for tests.
NT-29A 1 T-29A, permanent conversion for tests.
VT-29A 32 T-29A, staff transport conversions.
(GVT-29A) 4 VT-29A, conversions as ground instructional airframes.
ET-29B 2 T-29B, conversions as electronic test-beds.
GT-29B 1 T-29B, conversion to ground instructional airframe.
JT-29B 8 T-29B, temporary conversions for missile program tests.
NT-29B 8 T-29B, permanent conversions for missile program tests.
(NVT-29B) 2 NT-29B, conversions for staff duties.
VT-29B 80 T-29B, 1952, staff transports.
JT-29C 1 T-29C, temporary conversion for tests.
VT-29C 31 T-29C, staff transports.
ET-29D 12 T-29D, conversions for ECM training.
JT-29D 1 T-29D, temporary conversion for tests.
VT-29D 69 T-29D, 1953, staff transports.
VT-29E 1 T-29B, executive staff transport.
AC-131A 10 T-29C, 1958, modifications for airways checks.
(AT-29C) 10 1960, redesignation of AC-131A.
(ET-29C) 10 1962, redesignation of AT-29C.
VC-131A 2 C-131A, 1968, staff transports. 4 VT-29B also redesignated in 1956.
EC-131B 8 C-131B, conversions for electronics testing, all later to JC-131B.
JC-131B 36 C-131B, temporary conversions for tests.
NC-131B 1 C-131B(53-7793), 1967, permanent conversion for test duties.
VC-131B 1 C-131B, temporary conversion as a staff transport.
JYC-131C 1 C-131C, temporary conversion for Radio Corp. of America.
YC-131C 2 Civil CV-340-36 & -64, 1954-1960, conversions with turbo-prop engines.
Assigned s/n: 53-7886 (c/n: 91), 53-7887 (c/n: 131).
VC-131D 2 C-131D, 1967, temporary conversions as staff transports.
C-131H 5 1 NC-131B(53-7793) / 4 C-131D(54-2815, 54-2816, 54-2817, 55-299),
1965, equivalent civil Model 580 turbo-prop upgrades.
(VC-131H) 4 C-131H, 1966, staff transports. 3 to USN in 1979 as C-131H.
(NC-131H) 1 C-131B(53-7793), 1970-1995, flight simulator nose for jet training.

US Navy / USCG

R4Y-1Z 1 Civil CV-340-66 (c/n: 140), 1954-1961, conversion as staff transport with
US Navy. Assigned BuNo. 140378.
HC-131A 22 C-131A(M), 1976-1982, transfers to the USCG, equipment changes.
Assigned USCG s/n: 5781 / 5796, 5798 / 5801, 5805, 5806.
1 supposed conversion as an HC-131G or HC-131H.
EC-131F 1 C-131F, 1976-1979, modified as an electronics trainer.
VC-131F 2 R4Y-1, 1962-1988, staff transports.
VC-131G 1 C-131G, 1978-1986, staff transport.

FOREIGN MILITARY / CIVILIAN SERVICE
 - Convair aircraft in military service with Australia, Bolivia, Canada, Colombia,
   Ecuador, West Germany, Italy, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Spain and Sri Lanka.
 - Ten new airframes built as the Canadair (CL-66B) CC-109 Cosmopolitan by
   Canadair Aircraft Ltd., Canada for the RCAF in 1960-1961.
 - Many T-29 and C-131 aircraft sold onto the civil market post military service.
 - Many turbo-prop upgrades as the Convair Turboliner, 540, 580, 600 and 640.

Home - US Warplanes