NORTH AMERICAN T-28 TROJAN

T-28 SERVICE

Manufacturer: North American Aviation Inc., Inglewood, California, USA
Models: NA-159, NA-171, NA-174, NA-189, NA-199, NA-200, NA-218,
NA-219, NA-225, NA-226, NA-252, NA-260, NA-284, NA-307
Designations: T-28; BT-28
Names: Trojan; Turbo Trojan (YAT-28E), Fennec (France)
First official flight: (XT-28) 29/09/1949
Factory production period: 1948 - 1957
Primary service period: 1950 - 1970's
Last official flight: (T-28C) 1984

T-28 VARIANTS

1949 NA-159 XT-28 2 Total: 0002
         
1950 NA-159/-171/-174/-189 T-28A 1194 Total: 1194
         
1953 NA-199/-200/-219 T-28B 489  
1954 NA-218 RT-28B 1  
1955 NA-226/-252/-307 T-28C 299 Total: 0789

Grand Total: 1985

T-28 PRODUCTION

XT-28
Prototype single engined basic trainer
for USAF, 2-bladed prop. Original
designation was XBT-28.
Produced 1948 - 1949

North American Inglewood, California (NA)

48-1371, 48-1372 159-2, 3 2 Total: 0002

T-28A
As XT-28, provision for armament,
minor changes. 19 later upgraded
to T-28B standard, 2 as prototypes.
Produced 1949 - 1953

North American Inglewood, California (NA)

49-1491
- Static test airframe.
159-1    
49-1492 / 49-1756 159-4 / 268 266  

North American Downey, California (NI)

50-195 / 50-319 171-1 / 125    
51-3463 / 51-3796 174-1 / 334 459  

North American Dallas, Texas (NT)

51-7482 / 51-7891 174-335 / 744    
52-1186 / 52-1242 189-1 / 57    
52-3497, 52-3498 189-58, 59 469 Total: 1194

T-28B
As T-28A, version for US Navy, 3-bladed
prop, engine upgrade. 17 upgraded from
T-28A as BuNo. 153643 / 153659 and 2
as prototypes BuNo. 137636 (51-7527),
137637 (51-7528), new c/n: 199-1, 2.
Some later to T-28C standard.
Produced 1953 - 1955

North American Columbus, Ohio (NH)

BuNo.137638 / 137810 200-1 / 173    
BuNo.138103 / 138367
- BuNo. 138317 to USAF as
55-138317.
200-174 / 438    
BuNo.140002 / 140052 219-1 / 51 489 Total: 0489
4 (BuNo. 138368 / 138371), additional
airframes cancelled.

RT-28B
As T-28B, reconn. version for Japan
with Japanese civil reg. JA3096. 
Later delivered to JASDF.
Produced 1954
North American Columbus, Ohio (NH)

(JASDF) 63-0581 218-1 1 Total: 0001

T-28C
As T-28B, mods for carrier duties, arrester
hook. 2 T-28B converted as prototypes as
NA-225. Some also upgraded from T-28B.
72 from T-28A (BuNo. 154658 / 154729,
new c/n: 307-1 / 72), cancelled.
Produced 1955 - 1957

North American Columbus, Ohio (NH)

BuNo.140053 / 140077 226-1 / 25    
BuNo.140449 / 140666 226-26 / 243    
BuNo.146238 / 146293 252-1 / 56 299 Total: 0299

 

Grand Total: 1985


Delivered to the US Navy in 1956, T-28C, BuNo. 140563, is now
owned and operated in New Zealand as ZK-JGS.
Warbirds Over Wanaka, New Zealand, 2006.

T-28 CONVERSIONS

Military Conversions

USAF / US Navy

GT-28A 1+ T-28A, conversions for ground instruction duties.
T-28BD 6 T-28B, drone director conversions.
(DT-28B) 6 1962, redesignation of T-28BD.
T-28D 371 NA-260
T-28A / T-28B, 1962, engine / armament upgrade, various improvements
designated as: T-28D (Mod # 1 / 131 T-28A), T-28D-5 (Mod # 132 / 321
T-28A) and T-28D-10 (Mod # 401 / 450 T-28B). Most to Southeast Asia
MAP countries. 75 to MAP countries via USN with new BuNo. 150356 /
150405, BuNo. 150692 / 150716 cancelled.
(RT-28D) 1+ T-28D, 1962, reconnaissance version of the T-28D.
AT-28D 50 NA-260
T-28A, 1973, as T-28D-5 conversions, optimised for ground attack.
Conversions by Fairchild-Hiller Corp., Maryland (Mod # 001 / 050).
Most to Cambodia.
YAT-28E 3 NA-284, Turbo Trojan
T-28A(51-3786, 51-3788, 52-1242), 1963-1966, prototype ground attack
version with 4-bladed turboprop engine upgrade, taller tail, various
improvements. Original designation was RA-28.

Foreign Conversions

T-28S

149

Fennec
T-28A, 1959, close air support conversions fitted with surplus B-17 engines.
Prototypes were 2 Fennec 01 (civil reg. N6879C, N6883C) and 1 Fennec
02
(later to production standard with new c/n: 147). 146 production
conversions by Sud Aviation, France. New c/n: 1 / 146. Served in Algeria
then France as T-28F.

Civil Conversions

Hamilton Aircraft Co. Inc., Arizona conversions:
T-28-R1 Nomair - 7, 1958, military trainer, 6 for Brazilian Navy.
T-28-R2 Nomair - 3, 1960, civil conversions.

Pacific Airmotive Corp., California conversions:
Assistance from NAA, charge number: NA-260.
Nomad Mk. 1, 2 - 4, 1958, engine upgrade, civil changes.
                                3 to Fennec 01, 02 prototypes.

FOREIGN MILITARY / CIVILIAN SERVICE
 - T-28's in military service with Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Cambodia, Congo, Cuba,
   Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ethiopia, France, Haiti, Honduras, Japan, Laos,
   Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, The Philippines, Saudi Arabia, South Korea,
   South Vietnam, Taiwan, Tunisia, Thailand, Uruguay and Zaire.
 - Volpar A-28F, 1972, proposed multi-role, twin turbo-prop conversion.
 - AIDC T-CH-1 Chung Hsing, Taiwanese turbo-prop version, 50 built 1973-1981.
 - Many T-28's sold on the civil market as Warbirds.

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