DOUGLAS DC-4 / C-54 SKYMASTER

DC-4 / C-54 SERVICE

Manufacturer: The Douglas Aircraft Co. Inc., Santa Monica, California, USA
Model: DC-4
Designations: C-54; C-112, C-114, C-115, C-116, R5D
Names: Skymaster; Rescuemaster (SC-54D),
North Star & Argonaut (C-54GM, DC-4M & C-4 - Canada)
First official flight: (DC-4) 07/06/1938
(C-54) 14/02/1942
Factory production period: 1937 - 1947
Primary service period: 1942 - 1950's
Last official flight: ?

DC-4 / C-54 VARIANTS

1938 Model DC-4 DC-4 1 Grand Total: 0001
1942 Model DC-4A C-54 24  
1942 Model DC-4A C-54A 252  
1943 Model DC-4A C-54B 220  
1944 Model DC-4A C-54D 380  
1944 Model DC-4A C-54E 125  
1945 Model DC-4A C-54G 162 Total: 1163
         
1945 Model DC-4A XC-114 1  
1945 Model DC-4A XC-116 1 Total: 0002
         
1945 Model DC-4 DC-4-1009 79 Total: 0079

Grand Total: 1244

1946 Foreign built - Canada:
Model CL-2/CL-4/CL-5
C-54GM / DC-4M
C-4 / C-5

71

Grand Total: 0071

GRAND TOTAL: 1316

DC-4 / C-54 PRODUCTION

Civil Aircraft (pre WW2)

DC-4
Prototype 4-engined airliner, Co. owned, triple fins.
Redesignated as DC-4E in 1939, sent to Japan.
Produced 1937 - 1938

Douglas Santa Monica, California

NX18100 (civil reg.) 1601 1 Total: 0001

DC-4A - 1940, 61 redesigned civil aircraft already on production line impressed by
               USAAF and designated as the 24 C-54 / first 37 C-54A.

Military Aircraft

C-54
Military personnel transport, 4 engines.
Produced

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

41-20137 / 41-20145 mixed 3050 to 3075    
42-32936 / 42-32950 3111 / 3125 24 Total: 0024

C-54A
As C-54, cargo door, reinforced floor, increased fuel.
Produced

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

41-37268 / 41-37319 mixed 3054 to 3110    
42-107426 / 42-107470 7445 / 7489

97

 

Douglas Chicago, Illinois (DC)

42-72165 / 42-72319 10270 / 10424

155

Total: 0252

C-54B
As C-54A, more fuel, stretcher accommodation.
Produced

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

43-17124 / 43-17198 18324 / 18398    
44-9001 / 44-9025 27227 / 27251

100

 

Douglas Chicago, Illinois (DC)

42-72320 / 42-72439 10425 / 10544 120 Total: 0220

C-54D
As C-54B, engine upgrade.
Produced

Douglas Chicago, Illinois (DC)

42-72440 / 42-72764 10545 / 10869    
43-17199 / 43-17253 22149 / 22203 380 Total: 0380


Chicago built Skymaster C-54D-10-DC s/n: 42-72683 was one of five
sold to Turkey who operated the Skymaster from 1959 to 1975,
this aircraft carried Turkish Air Force s/n: ETI-683.
Turkish Air Force Museum, Istanbul, Turkey, 2005.

C-54E
As C-54D, passenger / cargo convertible, more fuel.
Produced

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

44-9026 / 44-9150 27252 / 27376 125 Total: 0125

C-54G 
C-54E, troop carrier, engine upgrade.
Produced

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

45-476 / 45-637 35929 / 36090 162 Total: 0162
235 additional airframes cancelled.

C-54H - Proposed paratroop version, cancelled.
C-54I - Not used.
C-54J
- Proposed staff transport version, cancelled.
XC-112 - Proposed pressurized cabin version, cancelled.
                 Designation given to DC-6 prototype as XC-112A.

XC-114
As C-54G, prototype, lengthened fuselage, engine upgrade.
Produced 1945

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

45-874 36327 1 Total: 0001

XC-115 - Proposed XC-114 development, cancelled.

XC-116
As XC-114, thermal de-icing fitted.
Produced 1945

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

45-875 36328 1 Total: 0001

Civil Aircraft (post WW2)

DC-4-1009
As C-54G, post WW2 civil variant.
Produced 1945 - 1947

Douglas Santa Monica, California

civil reg. mixed 42904 to 43157 79 Total: 0079

 

Grand Total: 1245

DC-4 / C-54 CONVERSIONS

Military Conversions

USAAF / USAF

ZC-54A 1+ C-54A, 1948, redesignation as "obsolete".
(ZJC-54A) 1 ZC-54A, conversion for flight test duties.
MC-54A 1+ C-54A, 1945-1946, optional designation for medical evac. duties.
VC-54C 1 C-54A(42-107451), 1944, named: "Sacred Cow". First US Presidential
aircraft, served F. Roosevelt and H. Truman from 1944-1947.
AC-54D 1+ C-54D, modified aircraft for Airways Checks.
(EC-54D) 1+ 1962, redesignation of AC-54D.
JC-54D 9 C-54D, 1960, conversions for missile nose-cone recovery.
SC-54D 38 Rescuemaster
C-54D, 1955, Convair modified aircraft for air-rescue services.
(HC-54D) 38 1962, redesignation of SC-54D.
TC-54D7 1+ C-54D, multi-engine trainers.
VC-54D 1+ C-54D, staff transports.
WC-54D 1+ C-54D, weather reconn. conversions.
AC-54E 1+ C-54E, modified aircraft for airways checks.
(EC-54E) 1+ 1962, redesignation of AC-54E.
SC-54E 1+ C-54E, air-sea rescue conversions.
(HC-54E) 1+ 1962, redesignation of SC-54E.
VC-54E 1+ C-54E, staff transports, 1 (44-9027), used in 1945 by General MacArthur
and named "Bataan".
XC-54F 1 C-54B(42-72321), prototype for paratroop duties, mock-up only completed.
JC-54G 1+ C-54G, conversions for temporary testing.
SC-54G 1+ C-54G, air-sea rescue conversions.
(HC-54G) 1+ 1962, redesignation of SC-54G.
VC-54G 1+ C-54G, staff transports.
XC-54K 1 C-54D, 1945, prototype with upgraded engines, new s/n: 45-59602.
C-54L 1 C-54A, 1947, conversion to test a new fuel system.
C-54M 38 C-54E, 1948, coal carriers for the 1948-1949 Berlin Airlift.
MC-54M 30 C-54E, 1951, medical evacuation conversions in Korean War.
(VC-54M) 1 MC-54M, single conversion as executive transport.

US Navy

R5D-1

58

C-54A, aircraft in service with the US Navy.
Assigned BuNo. 39137 / 39181, 50840 / 50849, 57988,
57989, 91105.
Modifications with 1962 redesignations:
R5D-1 (C-54N) Base model.
R5D-1C (C-54N) C-54B fuel system.
R5D-1F, Original designation for R5D-1Z.
R5D-1Z (VC-54N) Staff transports.
R5D-2 47 C-54B, aircraft in service with the US Navy.
Assigned BuNo. 39112 / 39128 (later released to civil airlines),
50850 / 50868, 90385 / 90395.
Modifications with 1962 redesignations:
R5D-2 (C-54P) Base model.
R5D-2F, Original designation for R5D-2Z.
R5D-2Z (VC-54P) Staff transports.
(R5D-2-2) 1 R5D-2, radio / radar test-bed, wingtip pods and dorsal mast.
R5D-3 92 C-54D, aircraft in service with the US Navy.
Assigned BuNo. 50869 / 50878, 56484 / 56549,
87754 / 87759, 91994 / 92003 (ex. RAF aircraft).
127 additional conversions cancelled.
Modifications with 1962 redesignations:
R5D-3 (C-54Q) Base model.
R5D-3P (RC-54V) Photographic conversion for USCG.

R5D-3Z (VC-54Q)
Staff transports.
(R5D-5) 86 R5D-2 / R5D-3, conversions with engine upgrade
to C-54G standard. Original BuNo.'s retained.
Modifications with 1962 redesignations:
R5D-5 (C-54S) Base model.
R5D-5R (C-54T) Personnel transports.
R5D-5Z (VC-54S) Staff transports.
R5D-4 20 C-54E, aircraft in service with the US Navy.
Assigned BuNo. 90396 / 90415.
Modifications with 1962 redesignations:
R5D-4 (C-54R) Base model.
R5D-4 (EC-54U) ECM conversion for USCG.

R5D-4R (C-54R)
Personnel transports.
R5D-6 - Projected US Navy version of C-54J, cancelled.

British RAF

Skymaster Mk. I 1 C-54B(43-17126), 1944-1945, personal transport for
Winston Churchill.
Assigned RAF s/n: EW999.
22 C-54D, 1945, aircraft in service with the RAF.
Assigned RAF s/n: KL977 / KL986, KL988 / KL999.
10 returned to the US Navy after WWII as R5D-3.

Civil Conversions

AT(E)L.98 Carvair

21

C-54A/B/E/DC-4, 1961, conversions as vehicle-ferry aircraft.
Conversions by Aviation Traders (Engineering) Ltd., England.
New c/n: 1 / 21.

FOREIGN MILITARY / CIVIL SERVICE
 - DC-4 / C-54 operated by the armed forces of over 15 countries
   from 1945 uo to the 1970's.
 - Many surplus DC-4 / C-54's sold on civil market as airliners
   and freighters etc.

DC-4 / C-54 FOREIGN MANUFACTURE

CANADA
Canadair DC-4M / C-54GM North Star
Canadian built RR Merlin powered version of the C-54G.
Served both military and civil operators from 1947-1966.

Produced 1946 - 1950
Canadair Ltd., Cartierville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
(prior to 1944 was Canadian-Vickers Ltd.)

DC-4M-1X 1946, Model CL-2, prototype, later to C-54GM
with s/n: (RCAF) 17525.
  civil reg. 101 Total: 01
C-54GM 1947, Model CL-2, North Star Mk. 1, unpressurized
version for the RCAF.
  (RCAF) 17501 / 17517 108 / 124  
  (RCAF) 17518 / 17523 102 / 107 Total: 23
  Conversions:
North Star Mk. 1 ST: 17, RCAF passenger conversions.
(DC-4M-1) North Star M-1: 1947, 6, temp. civil conversions.
North Star Mk. M1 ST: 1949, 5, civil DC-4M-1 back to RCAF.
DC-4M-2/3 1947, Model CL-2, North Star M2-3, pressurized
version for civil airline TCA.
  civil reg. 125 / 144 Total: 20
DC-4M-2/4 1947, Model CL-2, North Star M2-4, as M2-3,
engine / prop upgrade, for civil airline TCA.
  civil reg. between 125 / 144 Total: ??
  Conversions:
(DC-4M-2/4C) North Star M2-4C: 1954-1961, cargo conversions.
C-4 1949, Model CL-4, Argonaut, pressurized version
for civil airline BOAC.
  civil reg. 145, 146  
  civil reg. 151 / 170 Total: 22
C-4-1 1949, Model CL-4, North Star C-4-1, as C-4,
for civil airline CPA.
  civil reg. 147 / 150 Total: 04
  Conversions:
(C-4-1C) North Star C-4-1C: cargo conversions.
C-5 1950, Model CL-5, RCAF VIP / crew trainer, radial
engines. Later reserialled: (RCAF) 10000.
  (RCAF) 17524 171

Total: 01

Grand Total: 71

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