DOUGLAS A-20 HAVOC

A-20 SERVICE

Manufacturer: The Douglas Aircraft Co. Inc., Santa Monica, California, USA
Models: 7B, DB-7
Designations: A-20; B-20, BD, F-3, O-53, P-70
Names: Havoc (USAAF & RAF); Boston (RAF),
Nighthawk (P-70, unofficial), "Box" (Russia, US codename)
First official flight: (Model 7B) 26/10/1938
Factory production period: 1939 - 1944
Primary service period: 1940 - 1945
Last official flight: (ZB-20H) 1949

A-20 VARIANTS

1938 Model 7B Model 7B Prototype 1 Total: 0001
         
1939 Model DB-7 DB-7 270  
1940 Model DB-7A DB-7A 100  
1941 Model DB-7B DB-7B 781  
1941 Model DB-7C DB-7C 48 Total: 1199
         
1940 Model DB-7B A-20 63  
1940 Model DB-7B A-20A 143  
1941 Model DB-7A A-20B 999  
1941 Model DB-7B A-20C 948 Total: 2153
         
1943 Model DB-7 A-20G 2850  
1944 Model DB-7 A-20H 412 Total: 3262
         
1943 Model DB-7 A-20J 450  
1944 Model DB-7 A-20K 413 Total: 0863

Grand Total: 7478

A-20 PRODUCTION

Model 7B
Prototype twin engined attack bomber.
Model 7A was a paper only design.
Produced 1938

Douglas El Segundo, California (DE)

(Co. owned - no s/n) 379 1 Total: 0001

DB-7
As Model 7B, order for France, redesigned fuselage,
wings, tail, 131st airframe introduced engine upgrade.
Last 170 s/n's duplicated from Douglas c/n's.
60 delivered to France with French designation DB-7 B-3.
210 diverted to RAF as Boston Mk. I / Mk. II.
Produced 1939 - 1940

Douglas El Segundo, California (DE)

(France) U-216 / U-315 431 / 530 100  

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

U2288 / U2457 2288 / 2457

170

Total: 0270

DB-7A
As DB-7, order for France, engine upgrade.
All diverted from France to RAF as Havoc Mk. II
Produced 1940

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

(RAF) AH430 / AH529 2950 / 3049 100 Total: 0100
1 (AH430), crashed before delivery.

DB-73 - 1940, 480 ordered for France but completed to DB-7B
               standard as (RAF) AL263 / AL502, AL668 / AL907.


DB-7B
As DB-7A, order for Britain, various improvements.
Boeing built aircraft had modified electrical system.
32 to NEIAF as D-95 / D-126, with 22 diverted to
RAAF as A28-1 / A28-22, 6 captured by Japanese and
4 retained by USAAF. Many to RCAF, SAAF and Russia (151).
Produced 1940 - 1942

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)
Delivered as
Boston Mk. III to:

(RAF) W8252 / W8401 3300 / 3449    
(RAF) Z2155 / Z2304 3450 / 3599    
(RAF) AH740 4149    
(RAF) AL668 / AL907 3600 / 3839

541

 
170 retained by USAAF.

Boeing Seattle, Washington (BO)
Delivered as
Boston Mk. IIIA to:

(RAF) AL263 / AL336 2130 / 2203    
(RAF) AL337 / AL502 2718 / 2883

240

Total: 0781

194 retained by USAAF.

DB-7C
As DB-7B, equipment changes, ordered for
The Netherlands but diverted to Russia.
Produced 1941 - 1942

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

(Dutch) DO-101 / DO-148 6265 / 6312 48 Total: 0048

A-20
As DB-7B, stronger airframe, minor changes.
Produced 1940

Douglas El Segundo, California (DE)

39-735 / 39-797 unknown 63 Total: 0063
3 completed as XF-3 and YF-3.
1 completed as an XP-70.
59 completed as P-70.

A-20A
As A-20, engine upgrade.
Produced 1940

Douglas El Segundo, California (DE)

39-721 / 39-734 unknown    
40-071 / 40-179 unknown    
40-3143 / 40-3162 unknown 143 Total: 0143
9 to RAAF as A28-32 / A28-40.

A-20B
As A-20A, modified fuselage, bombay,
side mounted guns.
Produced 1941 - 1942

Douglas Long Beach, California (DL)

41-2671 / 41-3669 5001 / 5999 999 Total: 0999
665 to Russia.

A-20C
As A20-B, minor modifications, Boeing built
aircraft had modified electrical system.
Many to Russia.
Produced 1941 - 1942

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

41-19088 / 41-19462 unknown    
42-32951 / 42-33383
- 9 to RAAF as
A28-23 / A28-31.
unknown

808

 

Boeing Seattle, Washington (BO)

41-19589 / 41-19728 2885 / 3024 140 Total: 0948

A-20D - Projected lightweight model with upgraded engines, cancelled.

A-20G
As A-20C, solid armed nose, dorsal turret,
engined upgrade, more armour.
Produced 1942 - 1944

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

42-53535 / 42-54284 unknown    
42-86563 / 42-86912 unknown    
43-9038 / 43-9229 unknown    
43-9231 / 43-9437 unknown    
43-9458 / 43-9637 unknown    
43-9665 / 43-9856 unknown    
43-9881 / 43-9909 unknown    
43-9918 / 43-10104 unknown    
43-10145 / 43-10237 unknown    
43-21252 / 43-21431 20899 / 21078    
43-21472 / 43-21551 21119 / 21198    
43-21582 / 43-21701 21229 / 21348    
43-21752 / 43-21827 21399 / 21474    
43-21878 / 43-21987 21525 / 21634    
43-22148 / 43-22251 21795 / 21898 2850 Total: 2850
28 to RAAF as A28-50 / A28-77.
Many to Russia.

A-20H
As A-20G, engine upgrade.
Produced 1944

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

44-001 / 44-008 23224 / 23231    
44-010 / 44-065 23233 / 23288    
44-199 / 44-328 23422 / 23551    
44-407 / 44-536 23630 / 23759    
44-619 / 44-706 23842 / 23929 412 Total: 0412
Many to Russia.

A-20I - Not used.

A-20J 
As A-20G, frameless glass nose.
Produced 1943 - 1944

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

43-9230 unknown    
43-9438 / 43-9457 unknown    
43-9638 / 43-9664 unknown    
43-9857 / 43-9880 unknown    
43-9910 / 43-9917 unknown    
43-10105 / 43-10144 unknown    
43-21432 / 43-21471 21079 / 21118    
43-21552 / 43-21581 21199 / 21228    
43-21702 / 43-21751 21349 / 21398    
43-21828 / 43-21877 21475 / 21524    
43-21988 / 43-22147 21635 / 21794 450 Total: 0450
1 to RAAF as A28-78.

A-20K
As A-20H but with A-20J nose.
Produced

Douglas Santa Monica, California (DO)

44-009 23232    
44-066 / 44-198 23289 / 23421    
44-329 / 44-406 23552 / 23629    
44-537 / 44-618 23760 / 23841    
44-707 / 44-825 23930 / 24048 413 Total: 0413
Many to Russia.
1175 additional airframes cancelled.

 

Grand Total: 7478

A-20 CONVERSIONS

USAAF

RDB-7B 1+ DB-7B, "restricted" ex-RAF Boston Mk. III's with USAAF.
RA-20A 1+ A-20A, 1942, redesignation as "restricted" from combat.
XA-20B 1 A-20A, 1941, 3 remote controlled gun turrets.
RA-20C 1 A-20C (41-19205), "restricted" gunnery target conversion. 
A-20E 17 A-20A, 1941, prototypes for performance tests.
XA-20F 1 A-20A(39-725), nose mounted cannon, remote control turrets.
CA-20G 412 A-20H, post-war transport conversions. 
TA-20H 1+ A-20H, training conversions.
TA-20J 1+ A-20J, training conversions.
TA-20K 1+ A-20K, training conversions.
ZB-20H 1+ A-20H, 1948-1949, redesignation as "obsolete".
XF-3 1 A-20, 1940, factory conversion with cameras in bomb bay.
Later redesignated as F-3 after testing.
YF-3 2 A-20, 1940, factory conversions with cameras in rear turret.
Later redesignated as F-3 after testing.
F-3A 46 A-20J/K, 1944-1945, conversions for photo reconnaissance.
O-53 - A-20B, 1941, reconn. version, 1489 on order cancelled.
XP-70 1 A-20, 1940, factory conversion to night-fighter role.
P-70 59 A-20, 1940, factory conversions as night-fighters, 20mm cannon.
P-70A-1 39 A-20C, 1943, ventral pack of 6 to 8 machine guns, radar.
P-70A-2 65 A-20G, night-fighter trainers, deletion of movable guns.
P-70B-1 1 A-20G, fitted with SCR-720 radar and six side-mounted guns.
P-70B-2 105 A-20G/J, night-fighters with radar and six ventral guns.

US Navy

BD-1 1 XF-3(was A-20), 1942, USMC target tug / utility conversion.
Assigned BuNo. 4251.
BD-2 8 A-20B, USMC target tug / utility duty conversions.
Assigned BuNo. 7035 / 7042.

British RAF

Boston Mk. I 130 DB-7, 1940, aircraft in service with the RAF, training only.
Assigned RAF s/n: AE457 / AE472, AX848 / AX851,
AX910 / AX918, AX920 / AX975, BB890 / BB912,
BD110 / BD127, DK274 / DK277.
Boston Mk. II 80 DB-7, 1940, as Boston Mk. I but with engine upgrade.
Assigned RAF s/n: AW392 / AW414, BJ458 / BJ501,
BK882, BK883, BL227, BL228, BT460 / BT465,
BV203, DG554, DG555.
(Havoc Mk. I) 189 Boston Mk. I / Mk. II, 1940, conversions as nightfighters.
Conversions:
Havoc Mk. I (Intruder), originally Havoc Mk. IV.
Havoc Mk. I (Pandora) (20), originally Havoc Mk. III.
Havoc Mk. I (Nightfighter)
Havoc Mk. I (Turbinlite) (31)
Havoc Mk. II 99 DB-7A, 1941, aircraft in service with the RAF as nightfighters.
Conversions:
Havoc Mk. II (Nightfighter) (60)
Havoc Mk. II (Turbinlite) (39)
Boston Mk. III &
Boston Mk. IIIA
234 DB-7B, 1941, conversions of new built Mk. III aircraft for RAF.
Conversions:
Boston Mk. III (Intruder) (13)
Boston Mk. III (Turbinlite) (5)
Havoc NF.Mk. II (13)
Boston Mk. III &
Boston Mk. IIIA
200 A-20C, 1941, aircraft in service with the RAF.
Boeing built aircraft as Boston Mk. IIIA due to
modified electrical system.
Assigned RAF s/n: BZ196 / BZ352, BZ355 / BZ378,
BZ381 / BZ399.
55 additional field conversions with RAF s/n: HK869 / HK892,
HK894 / HK903, HK912, HK918, HK921 / HK924, HK934, HK935,
HK960 / HK972.
Additional airframes field converted without new s/n applied.
Boston Mk. IV 169 A-20J, 1944, aircraft in service with the RAF.
Assigned RAF s/n: BZ400 / BZ568.
Boston Mk. V 90 A-20K, 1944, aircraft in service with the RAF.
Assigned RAF s/n: BZ580 / BZ669.

FOREIGN MILITARY / CIVILIAN SERVICE
 - A-20's in service with Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, South Africa
   and Russia.
 - Several converted to executive transports post WW2.

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